Europe, 27 January 2020
International Holocaust Remembrance Day is an international memorial day on 27 January commemorating the tragedy of the Holocaust that occurred during the Second World War, as well as honoring survivors and their rescuers. It commemorates the genocide that resulted in the deaths of 6 million Jews and 11 million others, by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly in 2005.
It was picked this day because on 27 January 1945, Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi concentration and death camp, was liberated by the Red Army.
Archives Portal Europe allows you access to a massive amount of documents regarding the Holocaust and concentration camps: 2,255 results come up only for the word “Auschwitz”.
Today we decided to share with you a picture from the NIOD institute for war holocaust and genocide studies (Netherlands): it portrays a collection of personal objects (a cigar box and personal documents, including a Czech passport with stamps from the Czech Embassy in London and the Aliens Police Amsterdam) belonging to Leon Moldauer, fled from Czechoslovakia and living in Amsterdam. The documents were found after the war, hidden in an attic behind a washbasin in a soldered metal cigarette box. Leon Moldauer died in Auschwitz on 31 August 1944.